Being and nothingness an essay on phenomenological ontology summary

Summary Summary The often criticized philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre encompasses the dilemmas and aspirations of the individual in contemporary society. This work of power and epic scope provides a vivid analysis for all who would understand one of the most influential philosophic movements of this or any age. Author Notes Sartre is the dominant figure in post-war French intellectual life. A graduate of the prestigious Ecole Normale Superieure with an agregation in philosophy, Sartre has been a major figure on the literary and philosophical scenes since the late s.

Being and nothingness an essay on phenomenological ontology summary

Heidegger writes like someone who is a reader; Sartre like someone who is both a reader and a writer. This is not to deny that Heidegger is a good writer.

Just that Sartre is a better one. Sartre wrote while Heidegger's ideas were still fresh. He agreed with many, disagreed with some, fine-tuned others, and finished the project that Heidegger set himself, but failed to complete.

Naturally, Sartre accomplished something that was different from what Heidegger had intended at any stage of his career. Two philosophers, at least two opinions.

Sartre described his work as "an essay on phenomenological ontology," its goal to set down "the basis for a general theory of being. It has the hallmarks of the type of system that Heidegger envisaged but failed to achieve, because he segmented his project, stopped at the first phase which was enough to gain him a professorial poststarted to question and doubt subsequently, revised, and went on to other interests including the reconciliation of his philosophy with National Socialism.

Ontology is an extremely speculative, subjective, arbitrary and even metaphorical study. Sartre doesn't accord Heidegger any particular privileged status. He is simply one more philosopher trying to address issues posed by philosophy in general and Husserl in particular.

Both are trying to feel their way in the dark, recording their perspectives and impressions as they progress. You might not agree with everything that Sartre or Heidegger, for that matter wrote. At least, unlike "Being and Time", you can tell from the text of "Being and Nothingness" itself, what ideas and arguments belong to Sartre, what he has adopted from his predecessors who are acknowledgedand what his differences and disagreements are.

This is an argumentative work which tries to tease out the truth, rather than one that simply proclaims its truth imperiously and ex cathedra.

Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology by Jean-paul Sartre | eBay

Ultimately, I found Sartre's work to be a more honest and accountable study than "Being and Time". Notwithstanding its length, it is also a more engaging literary experience for a reader, once if at all you become comfortable with the terminology of phenomenology and ontology.

As a result, it is a source of greater illumination. Consciousness is what negates, differentiates, separates, determines, designates.

It differentiates the Subject from the Object, and the Self from the Other. In order to identify itself, consciousness in the form of Being-for-itself turns inward and negates the Being-in-itself.

Yet, Being-for-itself is nothing other than Being-in-itself. It is one and the same thing. Being is separated by nothingness. Consciousness identifies and chooses possibilities for being. Freedom is action in pursuit of possibilities.

Freedom is the burden or responsibility of making our own choices. Freedom is the recognition and embrace of the possibilities of our own being. Bad faith occurs when consciousness eschews its responsibility to itself.

Heidegger and Sartre were both 38 at the time of publication of their respective works, "Being and Time" and "Being and Nothingness".

From the SparkNotes Blog

The Extreme Radicalisation of a Potentiality " Sartre's convictions are really closer to Heidegger's than to anyone else's.

Indeed, the least inadequate capsule classification is to make of him the extreme radicalisation of a potentiality inherent in Heidegger's 'Sein und Zeit'. Yet, to leave Sartre unspeakable through silence is silently to call attention to him as somehow fundamental; it is to suggest his having been given a reading, and call for a rereading.

· Being and Nothingness by Jean-Paul Sartre, An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology. (23, ratings by Goodreads) Paperback; Translator's preface Introduction The Pursuit of Being Part 1.

Being and nothingness an essay on phenomenological ontology summary

The Problem of Nothingness Part 2. Being-For-Itself Part 3. Being-For-Others Part 4.

Being and Nothingness Analysis -

Having, Doing and Being Conclusion Key to Special Terminology Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (Routledge Class See more like

Showing all editions for 'Being and nothingness: an essay in Phenomenological Ontology' Sort by: Format; All Formats () Book (10) Print book () eBook (10) Refine Your Search Being and nothingness an essay on phenomenological ontology: 6. Being and nothingness an essay on phenomenological ontology.

by Jean-Paul Sartre Print book: Being and Nothingness is without doubt one of the most significant books of the twentieth century. The central work by one of the world's most influential thinkers, it altered the course of western philosophy. Its revolutionary approach challenged all previous assumptions about the individual's relationship with the world.

Being And Nothingness: An Essay in Phenomenological Ontology [Jean-Paul Sartre, Hazel Barnes] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Being and Nothingness may well be thought of as Sartre's greatest work; it has also come to be regarded as a text-book of existentialism itself/5().

Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenologic al Ontology Sartre, Jean-Paul Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or

Being and Nothingness Analysis -