Environmental and Economic Benefits of Hemp Hemp is the same plant as marijuana, its scientific name is "cannabis sativa.
A rather thorough analysis of the scope of the illicit marijuana industry in Canada for is reported at www. At least tonnes t of marijuana were grown in Canada inrepresenting a harvest of 4.
Impressively, the species was grown in all 50 states including outdoor seizures in every state except Wyoming! It was estimated that 8. Marijuana was judged to be the largest revenue producing crop in Alabama, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia, and one of the top five cash crops in 29 other states.
Cannabis contains a seemingly unique class of chemicals, the cannabinoids, of which more than 60 have been described, but only a few are psychoactive. Cannabinoids are produced in specialized epidermal glands, which differ notably in distribution on different organs of the plant high concentrations occur on the upper surface of the young leaves and young twigs, on the tepals, stamens, and especially on the perigonal bract.
Given this distribution, the glands would seem to be protective of young and reproductive above-ground tissues the roots lack glands. The resin is a sticky mixture of cannabinoids and a variety of terpenes.
The characteristic odor of the plant is due to the abundant terpenes, which are not psychoactive. The more important cannabinoids are shown in Fig. In the plant the cannabinoids exist predominantly in the form of carboxylic acids, which decarboxylate with time or when heated.
Technically, the euphoric psychological effects of THC are best described by the word psychotomimetic. Cannabidiol CBD is the chief non-psychotomimetic cannabinoid. A THC concentration in marijuana of approximately 0. Some cannabinoid races have been described, notably containing cannabichromene particularly in high-THC forms and cannabigerol monomethyl ether in some Asian strains.
The biosynthetic pathways of the cannabinoids are not yet satisfactorily elucidated, although the scheme shown in Fig. Scanning electron micrographs of the abaxial surface of a perigonal bract which envelops the fruit.
The resin is synthesized both in stalked and sessile glands. Multicellular secretory glands of phallic appearancesome broken stalks of these note cellular appearanceand unicellular cystolith hairs claw-like structures are pictured.
Some important cannabinoids of cannabis resin. D9-THC delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol is the chief intoxicant chemical and predominates in intoxicant strains, while the isomer D8-THC is usually present in no more than trace amounts. CBD cannabidiol is the chief non-intoxicant chemical, and predominates in non-intoxicant strains; it has sedative effects.
The non-intoxicant CBN cannabinol is a frequent degradation or oxidation product. The non-intoxicant cannabichromene CBC is typically found in trace amounts in intoxicant strains.
The non-intoxicant cannabigerol CBG is considered to be a precursor of the other cannbinoids see Fig. Proposed biosynthetic pathways of the principal cannabinoids after Pate b. Both in Canada and the US, the most critical problem to be addressed for commercial exploitation of C.
Indeed, the reason hemp cultivation was made illegal in North America was concern that the hemp crop was a drug menace.Environmental and Economic Benefits of Hemp.
Hemp is the same plant as marijuana, its scientific name is "cannabis sativa." For thousands of years hemp was used to make dozens of commercial products like paper, rope, canvas, and textiles. Health Benefits of Hemp One of the under-appreciated benefits of hemp, at least in the US, is as a food source.
Hemp seeds, which are technically a nut and are also known as "hemp hearts," are rich in healthy fats, protein, and minerals. Hemp has been known widely for its industrial, environmental, and healing usages throughout history.
One of the main distinguishing factors between hemp and marijuana, is the fact that hemp itself is non-psychoactive, meaning it will not get you “high” like marijuana will.
The hemp seed is bursting with Omega-6 and Omega-3, essential fatty acids that have heart health and anti inflammatory benefits. Hemp seeds are nutty in flavor and breathe life into salads, desserts, yogurts, cereals, and breads. Understand the Hemp Industry Quickly & Get Actionable Data Easily.
The Latest Best Market Reports · In-Depth Analysis · Data-driven Decisions · Key IndustriesTypes: Market Statistics, Industry Insights, Market Overview, Industry Analysis. THC is the world’s most popular illicit chemical, and indeed the fourth most popular recreational drug, after caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine.
“Industrial hemp” is a phrase that has become common to designate hemp used for commercial non-intoxicant purposes.